The vaults of the Coin Department currently house more than 130,000 coins, forming an integral part of the archaeological treasures of the State of Israel (Israel State Collections). The coin collection is continually growing with finds from numerous excavations conducted in Israel every year.
The collection spans a period of more than 2,300 years, from the invention of coinage in the 7th century BCE, through to the 17th century CE. Coins and artifacts after that date are presently not considered antiquities under Israel's Antiquities Law.
The majority of coins preserved by the IAA Coin Department are single finds from large and small excavations. In addition, the Department holds more than 150 hoards of gold, silver and bronze coins, beginning in the Persian period through to the Ottoman period.
The collection's exceptional importance lies in the fact that the provenance of almost all the coins has been ascertained. Consequently it constitutes one the largest scientific numismatic data-bases of its kind in the world, ideally suited for in-depth study of coin-types, distribution patterns, and intra/inter-site circulation.
The nucleus of the collection is comprised of a group of 10,000 coins acquired by numismatists from purchases and excavations between 1925 –1948.
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